Monday, February 6, 2012

Insight on Dinosaur Names

As with other types of organism (including all plants and animals), dinosaurs are classified using standard biological classification system (kingdom, phylum, class, order, family, genus and species). The smallest of this system is the "art" where a group of organisms that are crossed and produce fertile offspring, in other words, a certain "type" of animal forms.

Individual species of dinosaurs (like other organisms) are named with a naming system, known as "binomial nomenclature" (also known as "binary nomenclature"). In this system, the various species have been identified by means of a two-part, which consists of a genus and a second word identifying a species in the genus. Some examples of the scientific name of the dinosaur species include "Tyrannosaurus Rex", "Stegosaurus armatus" and "Allosaurus fragilis". As you can see that in many cases, the generic names of dinosaurs (can be a kind naturally contain different species), such as "Stegosaurus" and "Allosaurus" is often better known than the names of individual species.

The exotic-sounding words, these names are usually derived from ancient Greek and Latin. So, for example, "Tyrannosaurus" means "tyrant lizard", "Rex," "king" means, and thus "Tyrannosaurus rex" means "Tyrant Lizard King". They used certain words chosen by the scientist who first discovered or a description of the species, but their choice of name must first be approved by the International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature, before it officially.

An unusual situation that may arise as scientists chose different names for different fossils from the same animal, because they do not realize that they are actually examples of the same animal (this is more common than you might expect - think scientists often operate with only partial skeletons). In this case, the first name chosen as a rule, the official name.

A particularly famous example of this kind of naming conflict "brontosaurus" versus "Brontosaurus". Othniel C. Marsh was a young animal model in 1877 and called it "Apatosaurus Ajax." He later found another animal model in 1879 and called it "Brontosaurus Excelsus". But it was not until many years later realized (in 1903 by Elmer Riggs) that in reality the two were closely related, and perhaps members of the same sex (some scholars, including Robert T. Bakker, who still believe they should be divided into separate geniuses

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