Slow moving and hard shell turtles make fun pets, but with a bit of a problem. Tortoises and turtles often suffer from bacterial infections that cause disease. The good thing is that with proper nutrition housing, and sanitation of the infection can be avoided for the most part. Familiarity with a wide variety of bacterial infections that your turtle or tortoise will collapse, is an important part of keeping your friends slowly moving a good feeling.
Eye infections and conjunctivitis
Eye infection usually occurs on the surface of the cornea, but can also develop on the eyelids of creating irritation and inflammation. It begins as a small white spot and as the infection progresses may spread across the surface and create an ulcer on the eye. Eye infections are caused either by contaminated water (such as aquatic or semi-aquatic turtles) or low humidity (turtle). Treatment usually consists of local antibiotic eye drops.
It is a bacterial infection of the cloaca that results in an inflamed cloacal opening and a smelly discharge. These are often associated with parasitic infections, or sone cloaca-like calculus. The stone should be removed and parasitic infections are treated (if any) before the irrigation of cloacal area. The irritation threshold is a dilute Betadine or chlorhexidine solution. The final phase of treatment is the application of a topical antibiotic ointment for the cloaca opening.
Commonly known as foot rot, necrotic stoma tits often caused by the bacterium Pseudomonas or Aeromonas. Mild cases can be treated by swabbing the affected area with diluted Betadine. However, a more advanced cases should be treated with antibiotics. Turtle disorders such as poor jaw alignment or mouth injury, allowing them to mouth rot.
Turtles and tortoises suffering pneumonia in one of two forms, acute and chronic. Chronic pneumonia can appear suddenly and death in just a matter of hours if not treated quickly. Symptoms include shortness of breath, coughing and disorientation. Chronic pneumonia caused turtle with chronic respiratory problems and runny nose. Treatment of both acute and chronic pneumonia involves the injection of antibiotics.
Ear abscesses are a common problem that most of the turtles face. Symptoms include swelling of the eardrum and drainage of pus in the back of the throat. It is difficult to identify something ear abscesses formed, so that treatment is usually when they are in an advanced stage. In most cases, swell should be surgically opened and drained.