The green sea turtle, known for his hard shell body is one of the largest turtle in the world. It belongs to the family Cheloniidae and its binomial name is Chelonia mydas.
Green sea turtles are often found in tropical and subtropical seas. They live in warm shallow water as they are cold blooded animals and can not in themselves generate body heat. They were called by the name Green Sea Turtle, because the fat in their bodies were found under the carapace. They are reptiles, ancestors used to develop the land once and returned to the water for life. Green sea turtles also follow the unfolding of the dinosaurs.
These magnificent creatures can weigh up to 200 kg and is 5.4 meters long. They have a nice flat dish that may be of different colors. Green sea turtles need oxygen to maintain their physical activity. They live mostly under water most of the time of their lives, but they come over the sea and breathe in oxygen. Their lungs are built to give them the necessary support required to dive underwater for a long time. They have two big flippers which enables them to swim with a speed of 35 mph.
Juvenile turtles are omnivores and herbivores are mostly elderly. They have perhaps the same as the enzyme to digest grass. But adult green turtles are rarely observed in the wild to learn their eating habits.
They, most of their lives under the sea turtles, but females need to land to lay eggs to return. In season, turtles need to do the big migration to spawn. Male turtles do not normally accompany the female turtle during egg. They mate in the female turtle offshore. Male turtles trying to mate each year, but the female turtles usually mate every two or three years. It takes about 60 days eggs hatch. The newborn turtles can come from the eggs themselves and towards the sea, seeing the reflection of the moon in the sea.
This powerful animal will usually sexually mature at age 25 and can live up to 80 years in the wild.
Declared as an endangered species by the IUCN (World Conservation Union) and CITES (Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species). This species is threatened by many natural and human made causes. Erosion of beaches and sea reclamation of land to their breeding grounds to spoil. Unplanned tree plantation on the sea beach is interfering with the ratio of male and female turtles as the sex of turtles is dependent on the incubator temperature can be varied in the shade of trees. Artificial light sources close to the sea beach also avoid the proper process of hatching. Water pollution caused by a number of serious diseases that the turtle. This creates tumors results in a disease known as fibropapillomatosis. Besides, man is caught and eaten by predators such as sharks, crabs, sea fish, birds, they get yarn in the day.