Information on turtles is critical to understand them as pets. Turtles are reptiles, and more specifically, they belong to the order Testudines, and called for the super-order of chelonians. That's why fans turtles often affectionately called their animals as chelonians. Turtles are also commonly called tortoises in the UK, although it shows no technical difference turtles.
There are about 300 different species of turtles in the world today, although the number may decrease, as many of their turtles to focus on the endangered species list. Red slider turtles marshes and other breeds, as is often kept as pets, however, are numerous and not endangered.
Like other reptiles, turtles are cold blooded, meaning their body temperature adjusts to match the temperature of their immediate environment. Therefore, they need to bask in the sun to warm their bodies and why those who live in northern climates digging in the mud and hibernate when winter comes.
The main characteristics of turtles is their carapace (shell, bone), which is a result of their coasts, merged, which protects them from predators. The lower shell that covers the bottom (belly) is called the plastron. In most species of turtles, is the outermost part of the shell is covered with scales (scales) that are part of their outer skin. Some turtles have scutes not hard: soft-shelled turtles and leatherbacks have leathery skin of their shell instead.
Land-dwelling turtles have something heavy, large, dome-shaped shell. But the soft-shelled turtles and aquatic shells are lighter to avoid falling into ponds and oceans and to enable them to swim faster and with greater flexibility.
Turtles are able to draw their legs, tail and head safely inside their shells when they are in danger. Turtles are two ways to get their necks into their shells: some contracts under their neck vertebrae, while others contract their neck to the side. But they do, it's pretty amazing.
Nose turtles are placed high on the head so they can breathe while mostly nose dived into the water just above the surface. Never put a turtle in the water, however. This is a fully Anaimalai land and drown in deep water.
The tortoises have flat feet, with clawed fingers, while turtles and semi-aquatic webbed feet. Sea turtles are so carefully designed for life in the open ocean, they have fins for members.
Turtles have no teeth but they have sharp beaks, which they use to catch prey. Carnivorous species usually have a sharp knife for slicing crests of their prey. Herbivorous turtles have serrated edges combs to cut through rough plants.
Turtle shells are usually green in color black, brown or olive green. Some types of shells of turtles have yellow, orange, gray or red marks like scratches, spots or stains The painted turtle is one of the most beautifully colored species:. He has an olive green or black shell with red markings around the edge and a yellow front.
The largest living turtle is the leatherback turtle, which can reach lengths of 6 feet 6 inches and weighs up to 2,000 pounds. The greatest that ever lived chelonians was Ischyros Archelon and stretched 15 feet from nose to tail