Tuesday, July 5, 2011

Here is a interesting article on Commercial fishing in Alaska

Commercial fishing in Alaska's history has been for hundreds of years. Alaska Natives were harvesting salmon, and many other species of fish since the early 1600s. Russians came to Alaska to an abundance of SeaLife, as well as Japanese and other Asian cultures bring. Economic impact of this section requires expansion. Job Safety commercial fishermen in Alaska, early 20th century Alaska commercial fishermen work in one of the toughest in the world. They carry a number of fishing grounds, high winds, seasonal darkness, very cold water, ice and short fishing season, working very long hours are the norm. Fatigue, physical stress, financial pressure to make the most of Alaska fishermen through their careers. Dangerous work conditions that the fishermen have a powerful impact on their safety. Of the 948 work-related fatalities occurred in Alaska during 1990-2006, one third (311) occurred at the fishermen. This corresponds to an estimated annual death rate of 128/100, 000 workers / year. This fatality rate is 26 times that of the general U.S. work-related death rate of about 5 / 100, 000 workers / year for the same period. While work-related death rate for commercial fishermen in Alaska are still extremely high, appears to be declining: in 1990, had a 51 percent decline in annual mortality. Success in commercial fisheries is partly due to the U. S. Coast Guard enforcement of the new safety requirements in the early 1990s. The safety requirements have contributed to 96 percent of commercial fishermen surviving vessel sink / capsize in 2004, in 1991, only 73 percent survived. While the number of jobs in commercial fishing deaths in Alaska has decreased, there is a continuing pattern of losing 20 to 40 ships a year. There are about 100 fishermen who must be rescued each year from the cold Alaskan waters. Successful rescue is still dependent on the professionally trained staff of U. S. Coast Guard search and rescue, and such efforts may be hampered by the hardness of the sea and the weather. Moreover, people involved in search and rescue operations are themselves at high risk for injury or death during the rescue attempts. Seining in Alaska salmon purse seine fishing in the Alaska salmon industry: Equipment fishermen catch salmon in the Columbia River with a blessing. A commercial fishing boat, used for purse seining, in the Alaska salmon fishery, usually between 40 and 58 feet (18 meters) long. Towards the bow is a cabin where the captain and crew live (usually 3-6 people). The rear third of the boat consists of a flat deck, with a low rail around it. Amidships hatches, the fish keep in a tank where the fish are placed when caught to cover. The AFT is a simple flat space when the purse from the water. There are several trees with different kinds of pulleys used to operate the network, and a deck winch for the same purpose. There is also a boat, a small boat used for towing. When not in use, the boats usually towed behind fishing boats, despite the harsh conditions of a tree can be used to lift and set on the deck. For long trips, where harsh weather is likely to hold fish in the net also, to the center of gravity of the ship down and safer. The Krista Gail rigged as a drum with the blessing False Creek, Vancouver, Canada. The purse itself is usually black in color, with a colorful "cork" (in the hands of a kind) strung along the cork line and lead stretched along the line to lead. The size and characteristics of purse seines is controlled by the Alaska Department of Fish and Game, which oversees the industry. A typical length is 1200 feet (370 m) long by 40 feet (12 meters) deep (distance between cork line and lead line). It was stacked on the stern of the fishing boat rolled to port corkline, and the leading line rolled to starboard, with the Web getting up in the middle. The Seine, when piled on board, is about the size of a large pickup truck, and is quite heavy too. A "set" is a single purse seine operations, leading to a catch of fish. Several members of staff with different responsibilities. Captain / Captain The captain is in the process to hire staff, all operations of the equipment to manage the fish, direct action, enter the trees, while net arrives, take the boat to find a will market, sell the fish, and pay staff. Skiffman a blessing among the sets in Prince William Sound, Alaska The skiffman is responsible for the boat, keeping the delivered fuel tank, engine maintenance, and driving it around as needed. The boat is attached to one end of the grid for the staff are setting the grid. Skiffman is responsible for the placement of the grid. After setting the boat and boat lobe. Skiffman based its conclusion on the net with one hand on the deck. He waves around the boat and under the net where the other deck hand, throws him a troll. The boat will be people who are responsible for placing the boat. It is important to the net and boat center. If current grid pressure around the bow, there is a risk of hand dipping and fish escape. If another boat setting near boat boat person needs for his boat and nets to keep away from the set. Captain may signal the board skiffman if assistance is required to either pull the bag of fish or "Brail" the fish in the hole to fish. Brailing when a large basket is immersed in the pocket of the net and then pulled on board. This method of fish on board is still used in some parts of Alaska, but now most boats bringing their catch from "taking a bite." The sailor sailor to ensure all tasks needed to be done on board during an area, such as loosening the boat at the beginning of a set, pour the fear fish away from the boat where they can escape the net by going under the boat, and cleaning the deck of seaweed and bycatch, while the net is deployed, keep an eye on the net and the surrounding sea for the hooks and eyes or a whale, stacking the cork line and lead line as Net The board will be returned, causing the strange fish / debris became entangled in the net, so brailing (creating the fish on board at the end of a row), repair holes in the net, pitching the fish to fish maintain, and most of the boats in cooking food. See also Alaska king crab fishing industry in the United States Fish References ^ ab "NIOSH commercial fishing in Alaska." United States National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health. http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/topics/fishing/default.html. Retrieved 10/13/2007. External Links National Institute for Health and Safety - Commercial Fishing in Alaska Alaska Marine Safety Education Association (AMSEA) U. S. Coast Guard - 17th District North Pacific Observer Training Center (OTC) National Transportation Safety Board - Marine Alaska Department of Natural Resources - Office of Boating Safety National Marine Fisheries Service Alaska Sea Grant College Program North Pacific fishing vessel owners' Association - Vessel Safety Program VDE fishing industry by region by country in Angola Bangladesh Benin Canada Chad Chile China Guernsey England Ethiopia Ghana India Japan Maldives Morocco New Zealand Portugal Russia Scotland Turkmenistan Uganda United States Flemish Cap Agulhas Bank Dogger Bank, Georges Bank fishing Grand Banks Macclesfield Bank Hawkins Bank Nazareth Bank Saya the Malha Princess Alice Soudan banks Alaskan species of Alaskan King Crab Salmon Other Alaska VDE Chatham Rise Sea Fisheries and the Fisheries Fisheries Fisheries Science subject areas oceanic habitats Wild Fish Farming Aquaculture Fish Fisheries pain differences Fish fishing quota retention of experienced anglers fishing villages Fishing History fishing Industry Commercial fishing Processing Products Marketing Markets seafood and recreational fishing Game fishing Fly fishing catch and release approach to recruitment Spearfishing Line fishing netting other trawl stopping tackle on Hook Line Sinker Rod Bait Lures flies bite alarms fishing on site Fishing banks fishing village fishponds Nation List articles by topic area alphabetical list of articles Fisheries glossary Category: Job Safety and Health | Economy of Alaska | Fishing United state Hidden categories: Articles to be expanded from June 2008 | All articles to be expanded

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