Turtles are cold-blooded reptiles. They have a shell making them unique from other reptiles. Their upper shell is called the carapace, and a lower shell that protects the belly called the plastron. The carapace and plastron shape and color varies from species to species. One might think it would at least always be a hard shell, which also is untrue. There are softshell turtle species, along with many others.
Some turtle species include Clemmys insculpta which is the wood turtle; Geochelone sulcata which is the African Spurred tortoise; Chelonia mydas which is the green turtle; Emydoidea blandingii which is the Blanding's turtle; Clemmys guttata which is the spotted turtle; Malaclemys terrapin which is the diamondback terrapin; and Trachemys s. elegans which is the red-eared slider.
The species name for the wood turtle is Clemmys insculpta. This turtle is the largest in its genus. The carapace has raised projections on the back that resemble a small pyramid, making it different from others in the Clemmys genus.
The wood turtle is omnivorous and eats things like algae, moss, blueberries, mollusks, insects, earthworms, and mice. Typically adult males are larger than adult females, but not by a whole lot.
The species name for the African Spurred Tortoise Geochelone sulcata is. The African Spurred Tortoise is the only turtle in the world that are fully adapted for extraterrestrial life. The turtle is famous for digging holes to protect themselves from predators and temperature. This turtle can be weeks without food or water. If the turtle is not an opportunity for water to drink yourself to get, it can take up drinking to 15% of its body weight.
The generic name for the green turtle, Chelonia mydas. Adult green turtles have a different diet than young green turtles. Adults are herbivores eat plants, carnivores eat meat and Adolescents. Adults usually spend their time in the patches of sea grass and algae to get their food, while the young spend their time on the coral reefs. Adults preferred food is the young leaves and roots of marine vegetation. The children are eating animals such as jellyfish, sponges, snails, mussels and others.
This turtle is a medium to large sea turtle, a broad, low, heart-shaped shield has.
Most of their life in the water, but the females return to land to lay their eggs. The eggs take about two months to incubate and then to come out. Like most turtles are green turtles have environmental sex determination. The temperature of the nest determines the sex of the hatchling. Warmer temperatures produce females and cooler temperatures produce males.
Green turtles are found throughout the oceans of the world. Populations are threatened or in danger.
The Blanding's turtle, the northern one turtle, a black shell with tan to yellow spots on the scales. The generic Emydoidea blandingii. Sometimes the turtle is confused with the box turtle as a result of similar performances.
This turtle lives in clean, shallow water habitats. They like abundant aquatic vegetation, and permanently aquatic bottom of ponds, lakes, swamps and rivers. However, habitat preferences, changes seasonally and from place to place. In Wisconsin, the Blanding Turtle prefers marshes in ponds, located only a preferred location. Turtles elsewhere can choose a pond in a swamp.
This turtle nests once a year usually from late May to early July at night. But not all female litters a year.
The common term for Clemmys guttata, the spotted turtle. This is a small, black turtle, a smooth pattern on the shell with small yellow spots it. Over time the spots may fade, so the older turtles appear flawless.
Male spotted turtles tend to tan chin with brown eyes, which are different from women who tend to yellow, orange cheeks and eyes have.
These turtles live in areas that are shallow wetlands. This may include swamps, bogs, fens and marshes, but not limited to just these areas.
Spotted turtles are active during the day for the most part, meaning they are during the day. But women are active at night, while they nest.
Spotted turtles are threatened by bald eagles, skunks and raccoons.
The generic name for the Diamondback Terrapin is Malaclemys terrapin. This turtle is a small to medium sized turtle that feeds on sponges, bryozoans, snails, crabs, carrion and plant material.
They have a hinge less Plastron, which can be yellow to green or black, and a rectangular shield is gray, light brown or black. They can be found in estuaries and salt marshes.
Nesting of these turtles is different than a majority of the turtles, because during the day. Most turtles tend to nest at night. Flood is the most common time for this particular turtle nesting.
The red-eared slider is a resident of the United States. It is often found in southern regions. The species name, for it is Trachemys S. elegans.