Monday, February 28, 2011

Information on small aquariums

This is an article about small aquariums. Although far more critical and more forgiving than large displays due to their small amount of water, a very attractive and entertaining microcosm can be created. As much as we prefer to try to re-create conditions as close to the natural environment as possible, do not want to do it in a Discus tank. It will be ugly. Imagine a muddy bottom covered with leaves and some branches can hang in the tank. So instead of a biotype aquarium we make a geographic display. At least the plants and fish from the Amazon.
We often heard hobbyists say they want to keep Discus, but they can not afford all the necessary equipment, large tanks, special food, filters, and, besides that they do not know enough about the really nice fish attempting to keep them. We put all these misconceptions to rest once and for all. Discus fish really has gotten a bad reputation for being difficult because people try to "acclimate" them. Fish, as a general rule, do not "acclimate" to no stress. Stress causes the weakening of the fish's immune system, and if it continues for a long time, is completely end the animal's death. It probably was diagnosed as having had intestinal parasites, a systemic bacterial infection, "hole in the head" disease or any number of diseases. The real cause of death is stress and disease (dis-ease) is only a symptom of stress. We as hobbyists need to remember that we do not keep fish, fish keeping fish. We hold water! We aqua rack, no fish arists.
Before the creation of the tank, it is important to determine the strain and origin of the discs to be presented. If you want to feature as wild fish species and in the abstract is very important. While we hear all Discus come from extremely soft and acidic water, water quality, depending on the specific river or lake system. It will also help to find a suitable tank mates for your setup. If it chose Discus is to be a vibrant, commercially reared strain of Jack Wattley's Discus Turquoise, attempts to contact the breeder and get the temperature, pH and hardness of water in breeding facilities. You will do yourself and your pet a big favor by just making it a little bit of investigation before the setup.
Normally we would quarantine any and all wild or unknown source of fish for at least a month before introducing them into their new home. This is the safest way to get your fish comfortable and eat well while you take the time required by the stress, if his recent trials, and observe it for signs of disease. Many diseases seen in 2-3 weeks and without a proper quarantine period, a potential disaster (and a real headache for you) was introduced in otherwise healthy tank mates.
Another thing that is overlooked by most hobbyists is the actual amount of water in their tanks. For a Discus Tank Display we are using the "20 gallon (77l) tank. This is an absolute minimum for residential one and, yes, just one Discus.
First we will measure a standard 20 gallon tank and then you'll know why. A "20 gallons aquarium" contains 20 gallons of water. We at least he saw any commercial aquarium that holds the amount of water is advertised. We've always wondered why they made the computer screen manufacturers to disclose the actual display on the screen and they do not require that the aquarium manufacturers say the actual volume of water contained in an aquarium. What happened to truth in advertising? If you want to know the actual value of your holding tank, this formula: Length x Width x Height (measure the internal dimensions in inches) and dividing the result by 231 Here is an actual example of a standard "20 gallon (77l) tank fish we have in our room (interior dimensions) L 23.5" W x 11.5 H x 16 "= 4324 ÷ 231 = 18.72 crazed For a parameter. .. conversion (cm) multiplied by 2.5 inches and liters, multiply gallons x 3.85 Next we must allow for 1 "+ - on the surface for gas exchange and another 2" (5cm) minimum for a substrate Now size: 23.5 x 11.5 x 13 = 3513 ÷ 231 = 15.2 gallons (58.52l) Add a piece of driftwood and some rocks and you have 14 + -.. gallon (53.9 + l) There is barely room for a Discus.
If you change 40% - 50% of water per week, maybe, just maybe we can add some more fish in interest. It is important to note that the idea aides elected, native to water with a temperature of 84 ° - 86 ° temperature range.
Dither fish will be compatible:
6-7 Paracheirodon axelrodi or Cardinal tetras
Tetra Hemigrammus Rummynose 5-6 blehri, H. rhodostomus or
5-7 Pencilfish Nanobrycon sp, sp Nannostomus .. (Depending on size adult) or
6-7 small Carnegiella Hatchetfishes sp etc..
All the above tetras are schooling fish and could see very soft and acidic water. For bottom fishing I like to use instead of dwarf cichlids Corys Corydoras sp. as they are commonly found in water less acidic and not as hot as people living in the Discus. The same applies to the Neon Tetra Paracheirodon (Hyphessobrycon) innesi.
The following are some appropriate small cichlids:
1 male + 3 He Microgeophagus Ram Cichlids (Papiliochromis) ramirezi or
1 male + 3 females of your favorite Apistos Apistogramma sp. or
1 male + 3 Dicrossus filamentosus he Checkerboard Cichlids etc.
Because of the temperature and low pH, the choice of plants is rather limited;
1-2 Amazon Sword plant Echinodorus parviflorus (not too big)
12 or more: Alternanthera sp. create a vibrant (Burgundy red and olive green) unlike Sword Plant (s)
The plant requires lots of Full Spectrum lighting, so buy a fluorescent hood with two 24 "bulbs. The only filter needed for this screen is a little" hang back "power filter because you will change 50 % of water per week - do not! "

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